To reach the Green Palace you must pass through the gate of the historic cultural complex of Saadabad to enter a 110-acre garden. A collection of palaces and buildings and museums located in the northernmost and most temperate of Tehran, has natural forests, fountains, aqueducts, gardens, greenhouses, and streets. The Jafarabad River runs through this complex and, step by step, an excuse to stand, watch and enjoy. In this complex you have the opportunity to cross the streets surrounded by old trees on both sides, giving you an indescribable feeling.
The Green Palace is one of the most beautiful palaces in Iran, formerly known as the Shahvand Palace and now holds the title of “Green Museum Palace”. The facade features unique green stones brought to them from the Khamseh mine in Zanjan. The use of these stones has given the building its name as the Green House.
It is the first palace of the Saadabad complex that was put into operation during the Pahlavi era. To the south of this building, one can see a view of Tehran and an interesting view. One of the attractive features of this palace is its use of unmatched Iranian art. You can enjoy the beauty of mirrors, sculpture, illumination, ornamentation and so on and enjoy the masterpiece of Iranian artists.
It is not bad to know that people like King Hussein and former Greek King Constantine have stayed in the palace for some time, and this adds to its historical significance.
The original building of this half-storeyed palace belonged to the famous Qajar landowner, Alikhan Wali, and the hill beneath it became known as “Alikhan hill” by his name. At this time, Reza Khan had not yet rested on the throne and served as Minister of War. Mirzajafar Khan, the architect, also applied what he had learned. After 7 years of trying and without destroying the original building, he built and delivered Reza Khan Summer Palace. This was equal to the early reign of Reza Khan, and the palace became known as the palace of Reza Shah and Shahvand.
The underlying green palace is about 1203 square meters and one of the most remarkable features of the building is its polished and beautiful preservation over the years. The palace’s materials use lead to prevent stones from crumbling due to cold and warm weather. The palace has two parts: Part 1 includes a staircase, waiting room, workroom, mirror, private dining room, and bedroom. The second part, the underground that was added to the order of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to be a place to accommodate foreign guests. The living room, two bedrooms, and the dining room are different parts of this basement.
Entrance stairs and hallway
One of the fascinating parts of the Green House is its two stairs that remind you of the magnificence of the building. The wooden fence of these stairs is a work of the master and decorated with pictures of Persian soldiers. At the bottom of the stairs are four carved white marble columns belonging to the mines of the city of Carrara, Italy, and are among the gifts of the Italian government to the first side. At the top of the middle column is a plaster face that you see smiling upon entering. Right behind this case, there is a sad plaster face that you see when you leave the building. This artistic plaster is a symbol of Iranian hospitality. In the hallway, there are decorated masonry walls, all of which are made of bronze and painted by French artist Emmanuel Bordley.
This section became a place for Mohammad Reza Shah’s private guests and was called the Living Room. The event was well-attended by individuals such as US President Jimmy Carter, Egyptian King Anwar Sadat, and Jordan’s King Sultan Hussein. It is 58 m و and has two bedrooms on both sides. The walls are covered with French satin and the carpet is of English texture and has a blue border. The works you see in this room are:
- 18th Century Blue Satin French Furniture
- 30.9 square meters’ carpet of Nain texture of Isfahan
- Rugby Isfahan Hekmat Master
- Mirror with wooden frame and floral decorations of Louis XIV 18th century French
- Marque Baggett French bronze watch
- Gold-plated bronze lamps from the Louis XVI era
The dining room is a warm room that appeals to anyone. The leather ceiling of this room is not something you can overlook. The walls are covered with French satin and have a music player. The 20-person table features cherry wood and porcelain with a Pahlavi court badge in the room.
Private dining room
Turns to the private dining room that belonged to the King’s family. The walls of this room are adorned with the art of illumination of master Hossein Taherzadeh Behzad and the 37 m 2 carpet of Yazd city texture is displayed on the floor of the room.
When a guest arrived at the palace and demanded to meet with the Shah, they were led to the waiting room to get Reza Shah ready. On the floor of this carpet, you can see the 66 square meters’ carpet of Yazd, which adds to the 19th-century French furniture. One of the works in this room is the piano by Sebastian Erard, a French piano and harp maker.
One of the most beautiful forms of Iranian art can be found in the bedroom of this palace. Just look at the ceiling and compare the mirror design to the floor rugs to see what they look like and tell their artists. One of the works in this room is a mechanical desk made of wood and bronze, made in France and belonging to the 19th century. This famous French work is by Alfred Emmanuel Louis Bourdley, who was originally from a Greek family and specialized in the manufacture of French furniture. The bed in this room was added at the time of the Second Pahlavi. The first Pahlavi was always lying on the floor, and today his bed is kept in the tank and displayed in the winter. The bathroom is next to the bedroom and opposite the room, you will find walls covered with cashmere over 100 years old.
The exquisite wall and ceiling mirrors of one of the rooms of the GreenHouse have given the hall its name. This piece has been beautifully performed by Iranian artists for 4 years. On the mirrors, there is also the beautiful art of Rodriguez (plaster on the mirror). One of the masterpieces in this 70-square-meter rug is that of Master Abdolmohammad Amavgholi, Mashhad’s texture and has 70 rows.
First Pahlavi Work Office
During his visit to the Green House, he came to a room where the exquisite engravings of Master Mohammad Sani Khatam Shirazi were seen on all his belongings, and thus became known as the Khatam Room. The walls of this room are also decorated with the art of illumination of Master Hossein Taherzadeh Behzad. The photo frame in this room draws attention from Khatam and features a picture of Reza Shah’s coronation at the Golestan Palace. The statue of the wolf is another interesting piece of work in this room. Built by Pierre Jules Mene in the 19th century in France, the statue is a remarkable work.