Tehran Bazaar

History of Tehran bazaar

Tehran  Bazaar is an old bazaar located in the city center of Tehran. Undoubtedly one of the most important monuments of Tehran is Tehran grand bazaar. In terms of antiquity, it was built in the Safavid Dynasty. According to historical texts, the first building built in Tehran was during the reign of Shah Tahmasb I. According to Tanei al-Dawlah, the small and large quadrants of this market were established during Fath Ali’s reign. It is interesting to note that, during Fath-Ali Shah Qajar’s part of the Bazaar that the whole complex was expanded so that it extended to the citadel and mosque, and the distance between the two places, it became the most thriving and famous segment of the grand bazaar. But at the time of Nasser al-Din Shah, the main entrance was called the Grand Bazaar, and even other entrances were organized during this period. the period of Nasser al-Din Shah should be considered as one of the golden age of Tehran grand bazaar that where many constructions took place in Tehran bazaar. It was after this time that the bazaar became more and more popular in subsequent periods. In fact, the alley that we have on the bazaar today are all made at this time.

According to some historical evidence and documents about the market, the alley of doses, the alley of the chiropractors and the sergeants are currently operating as the oldest sections of the Tehran grand bazaar. Of course, the shoe market, the carpet market, the blacksmith market, the expensive copper market are also the oldest segments of the grand bazaar. however, that since Tehran’s Grand Bazaar is very historic, there are many other historical monuments such as the Imam Mosque and the Jame Mosque, which have a strong historical role not only for the Grand Bazaar but also for the whole city.

One of the surprising things about Tehran’s grand bazaar is that it is not only important in terms of its historical assets but also in the history of Tehran and Iran during this period. For example, the history of the constitutional period is a good testimony to this period.

The architecture of Tehran Bazaar

Tehran grand bazaar is not only economically important but also historically and architecturally significant. Sir Thomas Herbert, a European traveler, describes the great Tehran market without a roof in his journey to Iran in the Lunar Year, during the Safavid period. Unfortunately, with the advent of urbanization and architecture in Tehran, the bazaar has undergone major changes, many of which have been renovated and even parts of it have been destroyed. Nowadays, the remaining market segments include the Amir Market, the Branch Square, the Grand Foursquare and the Jame mosque-related sections.  Chahar Sogh is one of the oldest remaining segments of the market that has a significant style. It has an octagonal space that is plastered inside and has a short circular dome.  Regarding the architecture of this historic market, it should be noted that the older parts of the market have arched and dome-shaped architecture in the roof sections, providing light through the holes and holes in the bricks that shine through. Tehran’s Grand Bazaar, in its current version, has a unique and sophisticated architecture that is entirely traditional but its main components are quite modern.

The winding corridors, the arches, and the traditional ventilators are the traditional and modern architectural beauties of Tehran’s Grand Bazaar. By the way, Tehran’s grand bazaar area is 105 hectares and has different areas such as Timichy, Market, Corridor, Passage, Shop, Mosque, Takeyeh, and various subways.

What can you buy in Tehran’s Grand Bazaar?

In Tehran Grand Bazaar you can find everything that you need. However, you can buy the best kind of nuts from the bazaar such as grapes and raisins of Shahriar, Sohan-e-Ray and fresh or dried vegetables. In this market, you will find a wide range of laptops, a4 paper, office supplies, decorative and stationery at a very reasonable price.

Various well-known sections of Tehran Grand Bazaar

Chahar Sogh: It is located near Jame Mosque and as we said it has a short roof and plasterwork, and It is a beautiful and bustling market segment.

Moslem Restaurant: Certainly one of the busiest restaurants in the market, serving the most unique Tah Chin in Tehran. This restaurant is always crowded, but the interesting thing is that despite their overcrowded size, they have excellent service.

Sabze Meydan: it is one of the most famous segments in the northern part of the bazaar and dates back to the Safavid period. During the Qajar period, Amir Kabir ordered to Change some major things in the structure of the field. The square has been a center for religious and social gatherings throughout history. The south side of the square is also one of the main entrances of the grand bazaar.

Imam Khomeini Mosque: The Imam Khomeini Mosque or Jame Mosque was previously known as the Shah Mosque, dating back more than 2 centuries. At the heart of Tehran Bazaar is one of the oldest monuments. It seems that the mosque of Tehran has not been built at one time and various parts of it have been regularly repaired throughout history, so the exact date of its construction cannot be calculated.

Political Importance of the Mosque: Jame Mosque was one of the places that Imams tried to form the Great Iranian Revolution. The enlightenment of the Imams of the mosque greatly influenced the bazaars in favor of Imam Khomeini and made the market a traditional supporter of the clergy. The world’s largest and most powerful Quran treasures have been collected in the Jame Mosque in Tehran.

Reza Mall: it Is a shopping mall located in Tehran bazaar where you can find almost everything related to clothing, apparel, and foreign food. This large passage is located in the center of Tehran’s grand bazaar. The center is built on 5 floors and has about 600 business units, most of them in the garment sector.

The Great Bazaar History Book is perhaps one of the most fascinating books published on the history and history of the Tehran Grand Bazaar. This book uses a new way of narrating history, which is oral history.


Historical places near the Bazaar:

Ceramic Museum
Golestan Palace